Cuba’s Most Momentous Year Since 1962
Date: 02 Jan 2017 16:20
Although it concluded the year, one must start with the death of Fidel Castro, Cuba’s totalitarian leader for the last half a century. It is never good to wish harm upon anyone. But, sometimes when people become used to a way of life, only a drastic event, a shock to their system, will cause a spark that can lead to a blaze of change. Will it be out with the old and in with the new? Only time will tell. But, this has been a year of firsts. Leading to the belief that Cuba could turn the page on the 1950s once and for all and progress into the 21st Century. All else will follow.
Obama’s historic visit put his money where his mouth was. As he became the first sitting president to visit Cuba in 88 years since Calvin Coolidge in 1928. A gesture that has not gone unnoticed to the rest of the world. It was truly a year of firsts. It seems as the stigma that it was dangerous or volatile were fading. Hollywood made a return to Cuba, filming the latest instalment of the Fast’n’Furious series on the island. The Rolling Stones, once outlawed on island, played a live show in front of tens of thousands, and even world famous designer Chanel staged a fashion show on the island.
Then came possibly the biggest indication of change. The loosening of the proverbial economical noose. It started with a relaxation of the importation limits of rum and cigars to the USA from Cuba. Not to mention Cuba’s portfolio of Foreign Investment Opportunities for the third time, presenting around 400 ventures worth around $10B. In the future, who knows what it will bring. With the Cuban economy shrinking in tandem with their greatest trading partner, Venezuela needs the money that American businesses and tourists will bring through commerce and travel.
The amount of flights coming directly to Cuba from the USA increased ten-fold and even Fathom Cruises, the Carnival Cruise sub-brand sailed to Cuba from the USA. The first cruise to sail from the USA to Cuba in over 50 years. Now let us hope that 2017 brings the promising change that has been foreshadowed by the events of the past two years.
Date: 09 February 2017
Some things are destined to happen. Sometimes you can only keep things under wraps for so long. Maritime travel between the USA and Cuba has long been outlawed. However, due to developments over the previous years, cruise liners managed to get their foot in the door in 2016. Since the inaugural Fathom sailings in May 2016, the numbers of cruises to Cuba has increased.
Date: 14 December 2016
A new wave of cruise companies, a total of five, working under either the Royal Caribbean & Norwegian Cruise Lines holdings umbrellas are entering the South Florida – Cuba ferry market. Norwegian will become the only operator headquartered in the USA that will have the entirety of its brands sailing to the once-forbidden island. The three brands, Norwegian Cruise Line, Regent 7 Seas and Oceania Cruises, will sail to the island while acting in accordance with US Department of Treasury regulations. In addition to these three, Azamea Club Cruises and Royal Caribbean will also begin operations from Florida to Cuba. Under the regulations as classified by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), passengers would engage in ‘people-to-people activities’.
Date: 06 December 2016
Hardly more could have changed in the US/Cuba dynamic in the last month. With the surprise election of Donald Trump, everything seemed to be reverting to the Cold War period. But after breaking campaign promise after campaign promise, the threats seem less and less viable. Compound that with the recent death of Cuban, Marxist-Leninist revolutionary, Fidel Castro and everything seems up in the air. With the more moderate Raúl Castro now pulling the strings, without any interference from his brother to moderate any advances in economic policy, the possibility for change is there.
Date: 29 November 2016
The leader of the Cuban Revolution is dead. Now all the backlog of change, 50 years’ worth of it, can slowly start. Until he passed the baton to his brother Raul Castro (2008), Cuba had resisted change for almost half a century. After Raul took over, the country started changing slowly but surely. The automatic ‘no’ answers, to anything and everything that involved change, became ‘maybes’ and ‘under certain conditions’. This gave way to laws that permitted private businesses and private property, previously outlawed in Cuba.
Date: 22 November 2016
A collection of big multi-nationals who started planning for life after the embargo will attempt to pander to president-elect Trump’s self-proclaimed superior business acumen. Dozens of companies are either planning to, or have started expanding into Cuba already. Trump threatened to shut the doors on the newly re-opened American embassy in Havana, as well as flirting with reverting to previous Cold War economic relations and travel agreements. However, the Chamber of Commerce will be pushing to maintain the current status quo after Obama’s reform created loads of promising commercial prospects. The strategy is trying to pull at strings that are key pieces to the Trump persona. If an opportunity makes good business sense, then why would a proficient businessman turn it down?
Date: 16 November 2016
Spanish businessmen with pending plans for the island have made no attempt to hide their fear that the first mover’s advantage benefits of certain big American companies could create barriers that will make their entry into the market more difficult. Even though, stateside, the fear is that the politics will revert to the times before the Obama rapprochement two years ago.
Date: 07 November 2016
The new Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) is working already. The PPD, which was enacted last month, is the latest in a course of events in the Cuban Thaw that, through executive action, loosened travel and trade to Cuba. It allows for the import of Cuban medicines to the USA. CIMAvax, an encouraging lung-cancer vaccine, will soon commence Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clinical trials in the USA. As of today, never before has a Cuban drug been run in clinical trials in the USA. At first glance, the shipment of delicate cargo seemed a precarious obstacle. However, after a successful test run to ensure the delicate cargo would arrive intact, shipping a box of water, it seems that the USA are ready to receive the delicate cargo.
Date: 31 October 2016
TripAdvisor has become one of the inaugural American companies given permission by the US government to sell “travel-related services” to Cuba bound travelers worldwide. The US Treasury Department’s license grants TripAdvisor permission to stimulate and support “educational and cultural engagement between global travelers and the Cuban people.”
Date: 27 October 2016
On Wednesday, October 26th, the United States took another massive step towards ending the Cuban Embargo. The US changed its vote from ‘in favor’ to ‘abstain’ for the UN General Assembly’s resolution for an end to the embargo. This marks the first time since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 the US has not voted in favor to maintaining the embargo. Normally, several smaller nations vote in line with the USA. However, this time, of the 193 UN member countries, 191 voted against the embargo with just Israel siding with the USA in abstention and nobody opposing the reform.